Both blackheads and whiteheads are forms of acne. They are caused due to excess accumulation of oil and dead skin cells in the oil glands. Blackheads, also known as open comedones are follicles that have an enlarged opening. The dark color is not dirt but rather a mixture of oil and dead skin cells that have oxidized when exposed to air. Whiteheads, also known as closed comedones are follicles that are filled with the same material, but have only a very microscopic opening to the skin surface. As the atmospheric air cannot reach the follicle, the material is not oxidized and appears white.

Squeezing blackheads might seem very tempting, but it can cause infections and even scarring of the skin with tiny pits. Invasive methods of using sharp objects to scoop them out or repeated scrubbing of the skin should be strictly avoided. The key to skin care for preventing blackheads is consistency. Using good skin care helps to maintain the follicle health and prevents clogging. Choose products as per your skin type and stick to a routine. For most people, cleansing, moisturizing and exfoliating are sufficient. Others may require special blotting sheets and oil absorbing face masks to maintain a clear skin. A regular cleansing routine prevents the blackheads from hardening and makes them glide out easily. Oil based make-up should be avoided and replaced by water based ones. If your blackheads are stubborn, you may need medicines which work by increasing the cell turnover and reducing the stickiness of the clogged material. This helps to expel the blackhead returning the pore to normal.

Dr. Pranjal Shamsher is the first Skin Doctor in Bangalore to offer natural, non-surgical and non-invasive treatments for skin disorders. With over 27 years of experience in the field of Skin and Dermatology, Dr. Pranjal Shamsher has devised a unique Multi-Therapy approach involving the use of several therapies at the same, to treat the most stubborn, obstinate and long-standing Acne with 100% side-effect free results. Her integrated and Multi-Therapy approach has helped many chronic disease sufferers to recover safely without any side-effects.