Dandruff treatment can vary depending on the type and severity of infection.
Depending on the cause, most dandruff conditions can be broadly classified under these three types – the Good Dandruff, the Bad Dandruff and the Ugly Dandruff.
These broad types of dandruff can be rated with respect to each other on a scale of 1 to 10. Some conditions start from one end of the scale and progressively become worse as they reach towards the ten, ending up as severe or ugly dandruff.
Therefore, it is important to understand when to seek medical help for dandruff.
If you have dandruff, the best thing to do is to use a good anti-dandruff shampoo and wait for about a fortnight. If the dandruff goes away after using the anti-dandruff shampoo, no further treatment is required.
However, if the dandruff keeps re-appearing in spite of repeated shampooing or has persisted for a long time or is accompanied with severe hair loss, then chances are the condition has progressed to the “bad dandruff” or further stages.
An indiscriminate use of medicated shampoos for too long can make the dandruff resistant. Therefore, if the dandruff seems persistent, it is better seek medical help and identify the condition correctly.
Before treating dandruff, a Tricho Analysis is conducted to diagnose and identify the condition correctly. A Tricho Analysis can help to differentiate between the various types of dandruff. It can identify the type of scalp infection and the extent to which it has affected the scalp and the hair roots.
Depending on the findings, dandruff treatment may include oral medications or external applications or both. Treatment may involve shaving off the head for better accessibility and absorption of the medication.
- External application – The role of the external application is to treat surface infection and provide relief from symptoms like inflammation, itching and irritation.
- Oral medication – The role of oral medication is to treat the various root causes of infection and minimize damage to the hair roots.
- Dandruff shampoos – Dandruff infections develop from a combination of excess sebum on the scalp and exposure to contaminated objects. A right anti-dandruff shampoo therefore forms the cornerstone of dandruff treatment and is one of the easiest ways to prevent dandruff conditions from relapsing. It keeps the sebum in check and prevents the growth of various bacteria and fungi on the head.