What are the causes of eczema?
Eczema is caused due to an overactive response by the body’s immune system to an irritant. Some of the below factors can make a person more likely to suffer from eczema.
Eczema is commonly found in families with a history of other allergies or asthma.
When the skin becomes too dry it can become rough, scaly, sensitive and may crack easily. This can weaken the skin barrier and cause eczema flare-ups.
Exposure to irritants & allergens
These can be everyday products that can irritate and flare up the skin. Perfumes, deodorants, cosmetics, paints, chemicals, hair dyes, soaps, detergents, artificial jewelry, metals, rubber are some of the common irritants. The commonly known allergens are seasonal pollen, animal dander, dust mites, certain foods like eggs, peanuts, fish and sea food.?
Eczema flare ups are common with stress. When a person is stressed, the body tries to protect the skin by boosting inflammation. This may lead to eczema flare-ups. Several studies have shown that those living with anxiety may be prone to constant eczema breakouts.
Hot or Cold temperatures
Eczema can get triggered by change of temperatures. Most people experience flare-ups when they sweat or get heated up. This is commonly seen after exercising or after strenuous physical activity or sun exposure. Traveling can also make your skin quickly move from one extreme temperature to another leading to eczema flare ups.
Skin infections like bacterial, viral or fungal can lead to eczema or make the existing eczema worse.skin infections like bacterial, viral or fungal can lead to eczema or make the existing eczema worse.
Hormonal fluctuations may cause eczema flare-ups. Women often report worsening of symptoms during menstrual periods. Pregnancy, oral contraceptive pills, thyroid disorders are also known to trigger eczema in some people.