What is Skin Pigmentation & Its causes ?
Pigmentation or hyperpigmentation is the term used to describe numerous skin conditions that cause dark patches. A buildup of melanin, the natural pigment that gives your skin its colour, results in this problem. Hyperpigmentation is a common occurrence among adults and there a several causes, such as exposure to the sun, rashes, hormonal changes, and so forth. Depending on the size, patches may only affect small parts of your body, such as your face or hands, or they could cover a large area of your body. The symptoms of hyperpigmentation are usually not life-threatening or contagious. The fact remains, however, that it can cause stress or make you feel self-conscious.
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Symptoms of Hyper-pigmentation
There are several types of hyperpigmentation, but melasma is the most common.
In most cases, it appears on the face as irregular patches of tan, brown, or brown-gray pigment.
- During pregnancy, melasma occurs more often in women due to hormonal changes.
- In addition to sun exposure, oral contraceptives and medications can also trigger reactions.
Causes of Pigmentation
Pigmentation is one of the skin disorders that tend to make your skin dark. It changes your skin color and also your skin tone. This skin disease mainly takes place on the nose, cheeks, forehead, and some other parts of your body. If you notice any type of odd or discoloration of your skin tends to be a good skin of pigmentations.
Several causes of pigmentation include;
Excessive production of melanin. Melanin is a type of pigment that is fully responsible for determining the actual color of your skin.
un damage is another cause of pigmentation. UV rays from sunlight are indeed quite harmful to your skin. It causes the majority of premature aging of an individual’s skin. Hyperpigmentation is one of these signs.
Some medical conditions are also responsible for pigmentation. Adrenal gland disorder is one of those conditions that enhance the production of melanin and causes pigmentation. Apart from this, several drugs and medicines also cause pigmentation.
Melasma is another cause of skin pigmentation. It’s one of the causes of hormonal changes and tends to develop especially during pregnancy. This kind of pigmentation generally takes place in men.
Types of Pigmentation
Vitiligo is most popularly known as chronic skin pigmentation. Meanwhile, it rarely takes place. Only 1 to 2% of the world’s population is suffering from this skin disorder. These cases are generally spread over almost all those racial groups. Though it doesn’t have health impacts, it tends to cause psychological distress.
Albinism is one of the types of pigmentation. It’s a genetic disorder that is caused by several defects in genes. It offers complete instructions for melanin production. Apart from this, several genetic defects tend to make your body capable of distributing or producing melanin. Its symptoms include discoloration in the eyes, skin, and hair. These symptoms tend to affect the small patches or the entire body of your skin.
When it comes to melasma, it’s a common type of skin pigmentation disorder. It also affects women. The disease takes place mainly among those people who have darker skin tones. The major symptoms of melasma are generally gray or brown patches of skin discoloration on your face.
Pigmentation treatment options at Dr.Health Clinic
In the case of skin pigmentation, people often think that an acid peel or laser therapy is enough to remove the discoloration. Acid peels and laser therapy have become popular skin pigmentation treatments. But these overly aggressive procedures can cause irreversible damage. Pigmentation treatment is a delicate process that requires precision and expertise. Too much intervention can make matters worse. Hyperpigmentation must be treated with non-invasive methods. Natural treatments are often preferred for pigmentation. That is because they are skin friendly and do not need invasive medical procedures.
At Dr. Health, we are pioneering using ultraviolet lamps to diagnose and treat pigmentation disorders. Our team of skilled specialists developed a unique process that uses UV light. UV light helps to assess the depth and severity of skin discoloration caused by pigmentation issues. After that, the pigmentation is divided into three categories. The categories are namely epidermal, dermal, and compound types. To plan an effective treatment plan for your concerns, it is a must to know the type. At Dr. Health, we treat epidermal pigmentation with a combination of antioxidants and exfoliating agents. We also use sun protection methods. Compound pigmentation is a deep-seated issue requiring an integrated approach. This involves several treatments to achieve the desired results. Here is a list of therapies we use to treat these pigmentations.
Melanin Decreasing Agents
Melanin Decreasing Agents help decrease excess melanin formation by overactive melanocytes. Melanocytes are specialized cells in the epidermis layer of our skin. They help to produce and store melanin. When these cells become overactive, they secrete excess melanin. This excess melanin can lead to pigmentary disorders.
Tyrosinase Inhibiting Topical Agents
Topical applications are made up of tyrosinase inhibitors. They help reduce the appearance of hyper-pigmented patches. Tyrosinase is an enzyme produced by our bodies and handles producing melanin. Inhibiting this enzyme can help fade any discoloration caused by excess melanin production.
Bioactive compounds and their derivatives have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Thus making them useful for various skin treatments. Recent studies suggest that these bioactive compounds can be utilized in pigmentation treatment. These compounds exhibit skin-whitening properties by controlling the distribution of melanin.
Antioxidant peels help to fight free radicals in the body and prevent further pigmentation. Antioxidant peels are preventative by nature. They work to cleanse the skin and target damaged areas.
Aromatherapy Skin Lightening Face Masks
These masks are a natural and effective way to lighten skin pigmentation. They help to regulate the production of melanin in the skin. Further, they help prevent any future spots or patches on the face.
Broad spectrum Sun protection
Managing hyperpigmentation can be challenging for those who suffer from sun allergies. Hyperpigmentation due to sun allergies is often challenging to treat. The reason is sensitivity to the sun’s UV rays. A broad-spectrum sunscreen will help treat and manage hyperpigmentation caused by sun allergies.
Pigmentation Treatment Services we offer at Dr. Health
A customized skin care plan
With the best skin specialists for pigmentation in Hyderabad, Dr. Health Skin Clinic can provide our patients with the most personalized skin treatment. To deliver the best results, we analyze each patient’s skin type carefully before treatment begins.
Skin health is influenced by diet. Along with pigmentation treatment, our skin doctor addresses a patient’s nutritional needs as well. In this way, we will gain a more holistic understanding of the patient’s issues and be able to provide better treatment.
Evaluation of Skin Type
Dr. Health Skin Clinic has achieved a remarkable accomplishment in dermatology by offering some of the most advanced and effective diagnostic methods. Before a diagnosis can be made, each patient’s skin is thoroughly examined. The doctor determines the patient’s skincare needs during a thorough consultation so that treatment can be tailored accordingly. For this reason, we emphasize the importance of detailed skin analysis.
Treatments of Varying Nature
Dr. Health Skin Clinic in Hyderabad is a leading skincare provider & offers a wide range of treatments for all skin conditions. Each patient’s treatment is tailored to meet their specific needs. No matter what the skin disorder may be, we strive to mitigate it through our various pigmentation treatments.
Why Dr. Health is best for Pigmentation treatment in Hyderabad?
Our Patients Reviews
Best results for skin pigmentaion. I have uneven skin tone. My skin is cured by 90% now. I am getting married in 2 months, hopefully it will fully go by then.
Just wanted to share my experience as it has helped clear a good deal of my melasma. My melasma covered my forehead, a portion of both cheeks and my upper lip. I had been living with it for nearly three years and have dedicated the last two years to combating it in earnest. The most challenging area has been the upper lip however it too has lightened considerably. Those of you who live with the dreaded melasma know what happens when you spend too much time in the sun. The treatment I took with Dr. Pranjal has greatly decreased my melasma and now it is far easier to cover with simple makeup. The mask that she prescribed removed the superficial layer each time thus allowing the medication to penetrate deeper. The treatment has improved the texture of my skin so overall my skin appears healthier.
I took the dull skin treatment at Dr Health and my skin is radiant and glowing. I never could have imagined such quick results. my skin has a youthful look and a silky touch to it. loving my skin! thank you doctor!
Dark skin is called Hyper-pigmentation. It is a condition in which excess melanin is produced by the melanocytes in the skin, resulting in a blotchy appearance. If the melanocyte is exposed to a source of trigger over and over again, it may become permanently damaged and remain in an overactive mode. This means that the cell will always produce excess melanin, even when the trigger stops. This is particularly true of environmental damage that produces age-spots.
Freckles, uneven skin tone, age spots, dark circles, acne marks and melasma are some common forms of facial pigmentation disorders. Pigmentation disorders are diagnosed using an ultra violet lamp which establishes the severity and depth of pigmentation. The pigmentation is then categorized into epidermal, dermal and compound types. The epidermal and dermal forms of pigmentation usually respond best to antioxidants, exfoliating agents and sun protection methods. Because of its deep-seated nature, the compound type of pigmentation however is of the resistant type and requires an integrated approach involving several therapies.
Melasma is the most common form of facial pigmentation. Melasma is the butterfly shaped pigmentation seen commonly on the face. Melasma usually peaks between the age of 20 and 40, when estrogen levels are at their highest. Recent research has established a link between stress and melasma. Stress can activate the propriomelanocortrin gene that prompts the cells to produce more pigment. Apart from prescription drugs, patients with melasma need to avoid oral contraceptive pills, facial waxing and steaming and hair coloring. Intake of antioxidants is very helpful.
Melasma is caused by a group of factors like hormonal changes, sun exposure and hereditary tendency. Treating Melasma is not the same as treating any other form of pigmentation. In fact, it can get worse with constant irritation due to scrubbing or after procedures like chemical peels and derma-abrasions. Melasma responds better to a non-invasive approach with sun protection and correction of the hormonal trigger.
Hyper pigmentation ranges from simple freckles to the more stubborn type known as Melasma. This is where the role of Dermatec analysis comes into play. Dermatec analysis helps to detect the severity, depth and the various causes of melasma so that a more cause-specific line of treatment can be formulated based on the results. The best way to correct hyper pigmentation and maintain results is by affecting tyrosinase activity in the cell. Tyrosinase is an enzyme in the body that is necessary for production of melanin in the cell. Thus, what you need for skin whitening is a treatment plan that treats the cause, along with antioxidants and skin lightening external applications which can inhibit tyrosinase activity.
When it comes to treating facial pigmentation called Melasma, it is recommended to avoid overly-aggressive treatments. Patients usually feel that an acid peel or a laser therapy will just peel off the pigmentation from the skin surface leaving behind a fair and glowing skin. However, it must be noted that melasma pigmentation is not like a banana skin that can be just peeled off from the surface. It is a much more stubborn, deep-seated pigmentation and is caused due to an overactive cell underneath which secretes excess melanin. Stabilizing this overactive cell is crucial in treating melasma.
True beauty lies in an even toned, clear and a naturally glowing complexion and not just in a fair complexion. Uneven skin color refers to skin which is uneven in colour and appears blotchy. The common causes are seborrheic dermatitis, worm infection, vitamin deficiency, acne or allergies caused by hair dyes and cosmetics. Freckles, age spots, melasma (butterfly shaped pigmentation across nose, cheeks and forehead) also contribute to an uneven patchy pigmentation on face. Skin pigmentation is best treated by eliminating the cause. If the cause is not eliminated, no amount of external creams, lotions or chemical peels can help it fade away.